England "Wouldn't Reach Euro 2016 Semi Final"

Durham University researchers claim England would get knocked out in the quarter finals of UEFA Euro 2016 if the tournament was based on how healthy each nation is.

Based on the health statistics, Switzerland would walk away as European Champions for the first time in the competition's history, narrowly beating Iceland on penalties in the final.

The Durham University analysis of life expectancy of men in the countries taking part in the football tournament shows huge health divides between the wealthy countries of Europe, and clearly demonstrates that where you live can kill you.

The researchers are calling on governments across Europe to learn from each other and share best practice to narrow the gap.

The inequalities in health across Europe can be examined through the concept of a European Health Championship which has been created by researchers from Durham University's Centre for Health and Inequalities Research (CHIR) as an accessible way to shed light on these stark differences.

From the round of 16 onwards, it scores each nation's football team based on the country's male life expectancy at birth for 2013. From these scores, the winners and losers of each group are decided as well as the results of the games in the knock out stages.

Men in Switzerland and Iceland are on average expected to live up to the age of 81, but with female life expectancy slightly higher in Switzerland than in Iceland, Switzerland would secure a narrow victory in the final.

England, with a male life expectancy of 79 years, would be winners of their group by beating Russia (63 years), Slovakia (72 years) and Wales (78 years), but losing to Iceland (81 years) in the quarter finals.

Looking at wider health figures, the UK has the worst overall mortality rate and the highest prevalence of obesity in women amongst western European countries.

The scores also reveal a clear east-west gap with worse health in eastern European countries compared to those in the west. For example, in Switzerland, as winners of group A, baby boys are expected to live up to 81 years old whilst in Ukraine, who finish bottom of group C, it is just 66.

Closer to home, Wales and Northern Ireland, with a male life expectancy of 78 years, would get as far as the final round of 16 but miss out on the quarter finals.

The underlying research on health inequalities is part of an international project led by Durham University, called HiNews, which is aiming to find out why these inequalities persist in European countries and what can be done to reduce them. It also features in a new book by lead researcher, Professor Clare Bambra, called 'Health divides: where you live can kill you', due to be published in August 2016.

Clare Bambra, Professor of Public Health Geography and Director of the Centre for Health and Inequalities Research at Durham University has been speaking to Heart

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