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6 June 2016, 08:38
A third of the UK's oil and gas firms are planning further job cuts this year as a result of a slump in prices, according to a new survey.
The latest Bank of Scotland report on the industry found 43% of companies are planning further cost-cutting measures because of the downturn, with 32% of businesses planning to cut jobs.
Scottish firms have been particularly badly hit by falls in oil prices, with 57% recording their business has been severely or quite badly affected against a UK-wide average of 41%.
Of the 141 companies questioned for the report, 58% have had to introduce efficiency measures or cut costs over the last 12 months while for 51% this has involved making redundancies.
In Scotland, 63% of businesses reduced their workforce compared to an average of 42% across firms surveyed in England and Wales.
Despite the slump, more than a fifth of businesses are still looking at North Sea expansion opportunities.
The report found expansion was being ``entirely driven by smaller and mid-sized companies who find it much easier to diversify and embrace new technology'' while none of the larger firms surveyed have planned any North Sea growth.
Just over two-thirds, or 67%, of firms are looking at international opportunities, down on 91% last year, largely driven by a considerable drop in interest in North America and the Middle East.
Meanwhile, 26% of firms surveyed said they had grown through the downturn by diversifying into new sectors and investing in new technology.
Two-fifths of businesses began to diversify their operations last year and this is set to continue in 2016.
The survey indicated firms' plans for diversification have shifted, with only 31% now giving a high priority to onshore shale gas - extracted from the ground by the controversial fracking method - compared to 47% last year.
Mid-sized firms' interest in renewables has increased, rising from 46% in 2015 to 57% in 2016, while the majority of large firms see decommissioning as a major diversification opportunity.
Asked when they expect oil prices to recover, 33% of firms stated it would be 2018 before the price of Brent crude oil reaches 75 to 80 US dollars (#52 to #55) a barrel while 38% believed the rise would happen no sooner than 2020.
Stuart White, of Bank of Scotland, said: ``With oil prices currently hovering around the 50-dollar (#34) mark there is hope that prices have bottomed out and have begun to slowly and modestly recover.
"Many businesses however, undoubtedly face more difficult decisions on cost savings, jobs and investment.
"While the blow from depressed oil prices has been severe for many businesses and individuals impacted by job losses, the sector is proving itself to be among one of the most resilient industries in the UK.''