Four men have been charged following an operation to tackle human trafficking and serious organised crime in West Lothian.
Four Face Jail For Council Bribery
Two corrupt council officials and two businessmen who supplied them with cash and hospitality were sent to jail today and warned they faced "significant" sentences.
Former local authority employees Charles Owenson and James Costello were treated to dances and drinks in lap dancing bars, as valuable Edinburgh City Council contracts were secured through bribery.
Ex-directors of Action Building Contracts Ltd (ABC Ltd) Kevin Balmer and Brendan Cantwell provided the rewards in return for work on public buildings including schools, care homes and cemeteries.
Following their earlier guilty pleas Sheriff Michael O'Grady QC remanded all of them in jail and deferred sentencing until Thursday to consider the information he had been given.
But he told the four men: "Having regard to the gravity of the offences, it is clear to me the sentences will require to be custodial and require to be significant."
Owenson and Costello were provided with hospitality by Edinburgh-based construction firm ABC Ltd (Action Building Contracts) including corporate seats at Hibs and Hearts football grounds, meals out and visits to bars as well as cash.
The contractors even submitted exaggerated invoices to the local authority for work carried out, to cover the costs of the bribes they were paying.
Fiscal Keith O'Mahony earlier told the court: "In essence, the council was being charged for the cost of bribing its own officials."
Invoices were found that were falsely inflated to the value of more than £67,000.
The prosecutor said the hospitality the firm provided was "extensive" and added: "Drinks and lap dances were purchased for Owenson and Costello."
The pair also had expensive cars including an Audi TT Quattro and a Mercedes ML320.
Owenson and Costello allocated work orders to the firm valued at a total of almost £1.5 million.
Owenson (62) and Costello (44) from Edinburgh earlier admitted offences under the 1889 Public Bodies Corrupt Practices Act and proceeds of crime charges. Both have been dismissed by the council.
Balmer (52) and Cantwell (44), both from Livingston, admitted a corruption offence. Balmer also admitted fraud. Their company, ABC, went into liquidation in 2010,
Mr O'Mahony said: "This case concerns the corruption of City of Edinburgh council officials by contractors who have given the council officials bribes being cash payments and hospitality in exchange for being allocated maintenance and repair contracts."
"It also concerns a fraudulent scheme whereby contractors have falsely inflated the invoices they submitted to the council following completion of work in order to cover the costs of the bribes they were paying to council officials," he said.
First offenders Owenson and Costello both worked as property care services officers with the council in a department that looked after schools, care homes, community centres and cemeteries.
They were responsible with others for logging reports of properties that needed repairs and taking on contractors to carry out the work. ABC was an approved contractor and carried out the "vast majority" of the work at the time of the offences.
Mr O'Mahony said that at the height of its success ABC was turning over more than £4 million a year and employed more than 70 staff.
Police began carrying out enquiries in 2010 as a result of complaints about the statutory notices system and were later informed that senior management at the council had received "a whistle blower letter" alleging that Owenson was showing favouritism when allocating work to contractors.
In 2011 officers attended at the offices of ABC in New Mart Road, in Edinburgh, and seized documentation.
The fiscal said: "The seized paperwork included records of payment sought by ABC from Edinburgh city council following completion of work. These records itemised the costs of various aspects of the work carried out such as materials and labour."
"However, they also included an additional figure ranging from £20 to £2,000 and the initials of either Owenson or Costello next to that amount," he said. A total of 175 suspicious work orders were identified.
Owenson was linked to 102 of the orders and his initials or name was against sums of money totaling £28,387. His colleague Costello was related to 73 of the work orders with his initials against amounts of cash adding up to £14,134.
Owenson and Costello were regular visitors to the offices of ABC which had one main client at the time, Edinburgh council. About 93% of the invoices issued by the firm from 2006 to 2010 were for work carried out on behalf of the local authority.
Mr O'Mahony said witnesses saw Balmer regularly putting cash in the top drawer of his desk in envelopes.
When the council officials came to the offices to meet Balmer they would go into a meeting room, which was all glass, and the blinds would be drawn.
The prosecutor said: "No witnesses actually observed any money or envelopes being passed to Owenson or Costello."
In 2009 Balmer told a member of staff at the firm that he was "fed up" of Owenson and Costello and stopped giving them payments for a short period. He later revealed he came under pressure because ABC was losing business and jobs were being allocated to other contractors and bribes resumed.
Alongside the bribes that were paid was the hospitality doled out to the council officials. More than £30,000 was spent by the firm at hospitality events attended by Owenson and Costello, although others were also present.
"One witness states that Costello bragged about the money being spent by ABC and on one occasion claimed a night out he had attended must have cost ABC £5,000," said the fiscal.
During one outing Costello would placed his empty glass on his head indicating it was time that someone from ABC bought him another drink.
The court heard that between December 2006 and November 2010 Balmer received £141,541 in dividends and Cantwell £135,071.
The Crown has raised proceedings to recover crime profits in the case.
Defence solicitor advocate Maurice Smyth, for Owenson, said: "He had no say as to what money he should receive or when. He didn't think he was hurting the council. He thought he was ensuring the council got the best."
He maintained that Owenson was motivated by the best interests of the local authority and that ABC were "the complete answer" for the council's property care services.
"Dealing with sub contractors and a myriad of firms only piled on the costs," he told the court.
Mr Smyth maintained that Owenson "was not living a life of luxury from money supplied by ABC".
Owenson allocated work orders to ABC valued at more than £870,000 and Costello at more than £620,000.
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