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12 April 2012, 05:00
They've filmed colonies on 16 hidden cameras to see how they survive the harsh winters.
The footage sees the Gentoo Penguins and Brown Bluff on the Antarctic Peninsula and King Penguins huddling over the Salisbury Plain on South Georgia.
Researchers from the Zoological Society of London and the University of Oxford travelled 9,000 miles to set up the time lapse cameras to capture the penguins without needing to be there.
Penguinologist, and project leader Dr. Tom Hart added:
"Antarctica is larger than Europe, but only a handful of penguin colonies are carefully observed.
"Using cameras that cost less than £500 each could revolutionize the way we study Antarctic wildlife."
Have a look at the time lapse footage here.